Samtica 250mg Tablet is used in the treatment of cancer of the prostate gland. It may be also used to treat other conditions, as determined by the doctor. It is sometimes used with certain other medicines as part of combination chemotherapy.
Samtica 250mg should not be taken on an empty stomach. Taking it with food may cause side effects. Your doctor will decide what dose is necessary and how often you need to take it. This will depend on what you are being treated for and may change from time to time. You should take it exactly as your doctor has advised. Taking it in the wrong way or taking too much can cause very serious side effects. It may take several weeks or months for you to see or feel the benefits but do not stop taking it unless your doctor tells you to.
The most common side effects of this medicine include vomiting, decreased potassium level in blood, edema (swelling), decreased white blood cell count, fatigue and increased liver enzymes. If these bother you or appear serious, let your doctor know. There may be ways of reducing or preventing them. Other than this, yellowing of skin, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, dark urine and nausea can happen, which indicate some liver problem. Your doctor might check you for liver function, blood pressure, and the level of potassium in your blood.
Before taking it, tell your doctor if have high blood pressure, heart problem, liver, or kidney problems or are taking any medicines to treat infections. Many other medicines can affect, or be affected by, this medicine so let your doctor know all medications you are using. This medicine is not recommended during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. It may harm your baby. The use of effective contraception by both males and females during treatment is important to avoid pregnancy. You may be asked for regular monitoring of blood glucose level while on treatment.
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Uses of Samtica 250mg Tablet
Prostate cancer develops when cells in the prostate gland start to grow rapidly in an uncontrolled manner. It is the second most common type of cancer seen in males. In most cases, prostate cancer is slow growing and stays undiagnosed because it does not show any symptoms. In some cases the cancer cells grow and spread quickly.
The stages of prostate cancer can be classified as:
- Early prostate cancer or localized where cells have not spread beyond the prostate gland.
- Advanced prostate cancer is of two types:
- Locally advanced: If the cancer spreads outside the prostate gland into the nearby parts of the gland like bladder or rectum.
- Metastatic: When cancer spreads to distant parts of the body such as bones and lymph glands.Causes and Risk FactorsThe exact cause of prostate cancer is still unknown, but risk of prostate cancer increases in following conditions:
- Age: Prostate cancer is mainly diagnosed in older men over the age of 50 and risk increases with age.
- Family history: Chances of prostate cancer is two and half times more if your father or brother has prostate cancer.
- Inherited genes: Multiple relatives (mother’s or father’s side) with history of breast or ovarian cancer.Signs and SymptomsIt is commonly seen that men over the age of 50 experience urinary problems. It is due to enlargement of the prostate gland which is a non-cancerous condition called as benign prostate hyperplasia (BHP).
In early stages, patients rarely experience any symptoms and in some cases even in advanced stages there might be no symptoms. Symptoms are more common in BHP.
Patient who do experience symptoms might complain of weak urine flow, difficulty when starting to urinate, blood in urine, frequent or sudden need to urinate (especially at night), leakage after urinating, pain in the lower back or pelvic area or sciatica, and unexplained weight loss. These symptoms cannot be stated as classic symptoms of prostate cancer; hence, you must speak to a doctor if there is a presence of any of these symptoms.
Commonly advised tests are prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, digital rectal examination, and prostate biopsy. In case of metastasis, further tests like bone scan, CT scan, PET scan, and MRI scan are performed.
The doctor will decide your treatment depending on the investigations, stage and grade of prostate cancer, age, general health, and likely side effects of the treatment. In some localized prostate cancer active surveillance may be advised, where prostate cancer is monitored by performing tests every 3 to 6 months.
Another treatment line is by watchful waiting, where monitoring process are less strict than active surveillance. Cancer treatments like radiotherapy, chemotherapy may be advised if cancer spreads. In cases surgical intervention like radical prostatectomy, transurethral resection may be required.
Complications and When Should You See a Doctor
If you experience any of the above mentioned symptoms, it is advised to discuss with your doctor. If your doctor suspects that there are chances of prostate cancer, you may be referred to an urologist or an oncologist for further investigations and treatments.
Prognosis and Prevention
Prognosis is better while it is diagnosed in the early stage and necessary precautions are taken. However, no doctor can predict the course of the disease. Since the causative factor is unknown, there are no exact preventive measures that can be advised. However, following a good diet and living a healthy and stress free lifestyle will help in prevention of any cancer.
SIDE EFFECTS OF Samtica TABLET
Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them
- Edema (swelling)
- Decreased potassium level in blood
- Decreased white blood cell count
- Increased liver enzymes
- Anemia (low number of red blood cells)
- Urinary tract infection
- High blood pressure
- Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol)
- Joint swelling
- Increased levels of blood fat
- Altered blood sugar level
HOW TO USE Samtica TABLET
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Samtica 250mg Tablet is to be taken empty stomach.
HOW Samtica TABLET WORKS
Samtica 250mg Tablet is an anticancer medication. It works by preventing androgen (male hormone) production in man. This is done by inhibiting an enzyme (CYP17) that is responsible for the production of androgen. This is how it slows down the growth of prostate cancer.